Data Reflects Links of Alcohol Consumption with Global Burden of Disease

Study outcomes printed in Lancet Public Health underlines the significant worldwide burden of disease attributable to alcohol.

The alcohol-attributable death toll was highest in Eastern Europe, sub-Saharan Africa, and countries with low human improvement indices (HDIs). Throughout countries, alcohol use disproportionately affected younger people and men.

Kevin Shield, PhD, led study efforts to investigate world trends in the alcohol-associated burden of illness.

The researchers carried out a comparative risk evaluation for 2000, 2005, 2010, 2015, and 2016 utilizing alcohol exposure records and relative threat (RR) estimates.

Death data, years of life lost (YLLs), years lived with disability (YLDs), and disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) had been obtained from WHO’s Global Health Estimates, and inhabitants and HDI data had been obtained from the UN’s Population Division and Development Program.

Drinking status records scaled by age brackets had been drawn from national surveys and taxation data.

Population attributable fractions (PAFs) had been estimated by combining alcohol publicity information with RR estimates.

Confidence intervals (CIs) for alcohol-attributable estimates were calculated with a Monte Carlo-like strategy.

In 2016, 3.0 million deaths and 131.4 million DALYs might be attributed to alcohol worldwide.

These figures represented 5.3% and 5.0% of all the deaths and DALYs. The global burden of illness attributable to alcohol was principally connected to mortality somewhat than morbidity.