Deadly overdoses involving cocaine and other stimulants like methamphetamine have been climbing in the U.S. in recent years, and many deaths show the use of these drugs together with at least one opioid.
As of the year 2016, 27% of cocaine overdoses and 14% of stimulant overdoses treated in U.S. emergency rooms involved an opioid, researchers write in the journal Addiction. In 2017, nearly 75% of overdose demises involving cocaine and a half involving stimulants involved one opioid.
Previous analysis has recorded the development of fatal overdoses more and more involving a mixture of opioids and different drugs like stimulants and cocaine; however, the present analysis presents fresh evidence that it holds for nonfatal overdoses, too.
Hoots’ group analyzed data on non-fatal overdoses from 2006 to 2016 and deadly overdoses from 2006 to 2017 involving cocaine, psychostimulants, and opioids.
Demise rates from stimulant overdoses involving opioids hiked by around 29% during 2010-2015, with a moving yearly increase of 51% from 2015 to 2017. Stimulant overdoses without opioids rose 23% from 2008 to 2017.
These increases occurred across a wide range of demographic groups and geographic areas, stressing the escalating nature of the overdose crisis in the U.S.
Indicators and symptoms of stimulant overdose involve chest pain, high body temperature, speedy heart rate, difficulty in breathing, agitation, paranoia, and hallucinations. A severe stimulant overdose could cause seizures or heart stroke.
It’s yet not clear whether overdoses are rising as a result of more individuals are utilizing stimulants or because stimulants have gotten more potent, or both, mentioned Brendan Saloner, a researcher who wasn’t involved in the research.